Books and Articles

Adams, Arlin M. & Charles J. Emmerich, A Heritage of Religious
     Liberty, 137 U. Pa. L. Rev. 1559 (1989)
Adams, James Truslow, Provincial Society, 1690-1763 (Macmillan Co.,
     A History of American Life, vol. 3, 1927)
Adams, John, in 1 Papers of John Adams (R. Taylor et al. eds.,
Alexander, James A, Brief Narative of the Case and Trial of John
     Peter Zenger (Stanley Nider Katz ed., 1963)
Anderson, David A., The Origins of the Press Clause, 30 U.C.L.A.
     Law Rev. 455 (1983)
Anderson, James S.M., 2 History of the Church of England in the
     Colonies and Foreign Dependencies of the British Empire
     (London, F. & J. Rivington 1856)
Andrews, Charles M., 1 The Colonial Period of American History
Armstrong, Karen, A History of God (1993)
[Backus, Isaac], A Seasonable Plea for Liberty of Conscience,
     Against Some Late Oppressive Proceedings ... (Boston 1770)
Bailyn, Bernard, The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution
Bancroft, George, History of the United States From the Discovery
     of the American Continent (Boston, Little Brown 1858)
Bogen, David S., The Origins of Freedom of Speech and Press, 42 Md.
     L. Rev. 429 (1983)
The Book of the General Laws and Liberties Concerning the
     Inhabitants of Massachusetts (M. Farrand ed., 1929)
Henry Mason Brooks, Some Strange and Curious Punishments (Boston,
     Ticknor & Co. 1886)
Calef, Robert, More Wonders of the Invisible World (London, Wm.
     Carlton 1700), reprinted in Narratives of the Witchcraft
     Cases: 1648-1706 (George Lincoln Burr ed., 1914)
Chabot, Herbert L., Development of the First Amendment Freedoms of
     Speech, Press, and Assembley and Petition 28 (June 1952)
     (unpublished honors thesis, College of the City of New York);
Chafee, Zechariah, Free Speech in the United States (1954)
C., R. [Chamberlaine, Richard], Lithobolia (London, E. Whitlook
Chandler, Peleg W., 1 American Criminal Trials (Boston, Little
     Brown 1841)
Channing, Edward, 2 A History of the United States (1930)
Cobb, Sanford H., The Rise of Religious Liberty in America: A
     History (1968)
Cook, Elizabeth Christine, Literary Influences in Colonial
     Newspapers, 1704-1750 (new ed. 1912)
Corwin, Edward S., The "Higher Law" Background of American
     Constitutional Law (pts. 1 & 2), 42 Harv. L. Rev. 149, 365
Crosman, Ralph L., The Legal and Journalistic Significance of the
     Trial of John Peter Zenger, 10 Rocky Mt. L. Rev. 258 (1938)
de Spinoza, Benedict, A Theological-Political Treatise, in 1 The
     Chief Works of Benedict de Spinoza (R.H.M. Elwes ed., 1951)
The Dictionary of National Biography, vols. 15, 20 (Leslie Stephen
     et al. eds. 1917)
Dorsen, Norman, Celebrating (?) the Bill of Rights: The Root,
     Branch, and Foliage of American Liberty, 80 Ky. L. J. 843
Douglas, Robert, 2 The Peerage of Scotland, Containing an
     Historical and Genealogical Account of the Nobility of That
     Kingdom, From Their Origin to the Present Generation:
     Collected From the Public Records, and Ancient Chartularies of
     This Nation, the Charters, and Other Writings of the Nobility,
     and the Works of Our Best Historians (Edinburgh, R. Fleming
Douglas, William O., The Right of the People (1958)
Duniway, Clyde Augustus, The Development of Freedom of the Press in
     Massachusetts (1906)
Emery, Edwin, The Press and America: An Interpretative History of
     the Mass Media (3d ed. 1954)
Emord, Jonathan W., Freedom, Technology, and the First Amendment
Eusden, John D., Natural Law and Covenant Theology in New England,
     1620-1670, 5 Nat. L. Forum 1 (1960)
Ferguson, Everett, Backgrounds of Early Christianity (2d ed. 1993)
Figgis, John Neville, Political Thought from Gerson to Grotius
     (Harper 1960) (1916)
Fisher, Joshua Francis, Andrew Hamilton, Esq., Of Pennsylvania, 16
     Pa. Mag. Hist. & Biog. 18 (1892)
Frost, J. William, The Quaker Family in Colonial America (1973)
Goddell, A.C., An Account of Thomas Maule, 3 Essex Inst. Hist.
     Coll. 238 (1861)
Grilley, Virginia, The House of Seven Gables: Portrait of a
     Landmark (1977)
Hale, John, A Modest Enquiry Into the Nature of Witchcraft (photo.
     reprint, York Mail-Print 1973) (Boston, Benj. Eliot 1702)
Hansen, Chadwick, Witchcraft at Salem (1969)
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, The House of the Seven Gables (Collier Books
     1979) (1851)
Henry, William Wirt, 1 Patrick Henry (Harrisonburg, Va., Sprinkle
     Pub. 1993) (New York, Chas. Scribner's Sons 1891)
Hinshaw, William Wade, 2 Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy
History of the Maules (George Maule ed., n.p. 1914)
Holdsworth, W.,  8 A History of English Law (1926)
Hotten, John Camden, The Original Lists of Persons of Quality,
     Emigrants, Religious Exiles, Political Rebels, Serving Men
     Sold for a Term of Years, Apprentices, Children Stolen,
     Maidens Pressed, and Others, Who Went From Great Britain to
     the American Plantations, 1600-1700 (photo. reprint,
     Genealogical Pub. Co. 1974) (n.p. 1874)
Howell, Thomas B., 17 A Complete Collection of State Trials and
     Proceedings for High Treason and Other Crimes and
     Misdemeanors From the Earliest Period to 1783 (London, T.C.
     Hansard 1783)
Hutchinson, David, The Foundations of the Constitution (1975)
Hutchinson, Thomas, 1 The History of the Province of Massachusetts
     Bay From the First Settlement Thereof in 1628, Until its
     Incorporation with the Colony of Plimouth, Province of Main,
     & c., by the Charter of King William and Queen Mary in 1691
     (2d ed., London, J. Smith 1765) (Boston, n.p. 1764)
     Jensen, Merrill, Book Review, 75 Harv. L. Rev. 456 (1961)
Jones, Matt Bushnell, Thomas Maule, The Salem Quaker, and Free
     Speech in Massachusetts Bay, With Bibliographical Notes, 72
     Essex Inst. Hist. Coll. 1 (1936)
Kobre, Sidney, The Revolutionary Colonial Press--A Social History,
     20 Journalism Q. 193 (1943)
Schneck Koffler, Judith & Bennett L. Gershman, The New Seditious
     Libel, 69 Cornell L. Rev. 816 (1984)
Lee, James Melvin, History of American Journalism (rev. ed. 1972)
Levy, Leonard W., Emergence of A Free Press (1985)
_____, Introduction to Freedom of the Press from Zenger to
     Jefferson (Leonard W. Levy ed., 1966)
_____, Legacy of Suppression: Freedom of Speech and Press in Early
     American History (1960)
_____, On the Origins of the Free Press Clause, 32 U.C.L.A. L. Rev.
     177 (1984)
_____, The Legacy Reexamined, 37 Stan. L. Rev. 767 (1985)
_____, Liberty of the Press from Zenger to Jefferson, in Judgments:
     Essays on American Constitutional History (1972)
_____, No Establishment of Religion: The Original Understanding, in
     Judgments: Essays on American Constitutional History (1972)
Logan, David A., Tort Law and the Central Meaning of the First
     Amendment, 51 U. Pitt. L. Rev. 493 (1990)
Macfarlane, Walter, 1 Genealogical Collections Concerning Families
     in Scotland (Edinburgh, Scottish Hist. Soc'y 1900) (n.p. 1692)
Marnell, William H., The First Amendment: The History of Religious
     Freedom in America (1964)
Mather, Cotton, Magnalia Christi Americana (London, T. Parkhurst
Maule, Harry, Registrum de Panmure, Records of the Families of
     Maule, de Valoniis, Brechin, and Brechin-Barclay, United in
     the Line of the Barons and Earls of Panmure (John Stuart ed.,
     Edinburgh, n.p., 1874) (n.p. 1733)
Maule, James Edward, The History and Genealogy of the Maules (1981)
Maule, John P. & Peter G.M. Barnes, The Maules of Kings Sutton:
     Their Origin and Descendants (1985)
Maule, Joseph Randolph, O.S.F.S., Basis for the Maule
     Characterizations in the Romance, The House of the Seven
     Gables (July 1954) (unpublished M.A. thesis, University of
Maule, Thomas, Truth Held Forth and Maintained According to the
     Testimony of the Holy Prophets Christ and His Apostles
     Recorded in the Holy Scriptures (n.p. [New York, Wm. Bradford]
Philathes, Tho. [Maule, Thomas], New-England Pesecutors [sic]
     Mauled With their own Weapons (n.p. [New York, Wm. Bradford]
Maule, Thomas, An Abstract of a Letter to Cotton Mather (n.p. [New
     York, Wm. Bradford] 1701)
Philalethes [Maule, Thomas], For the Service of Truth Against
     George Keith (n.p. [Philadelphia, Reynier Jansen] 1703)
Mayhew, Jonathan, Observations on the Charter and Conduct of the
     Society for the Propogation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts
     (Boston, n.p. 1763)
Mayton, William T., Seditious Libel and the Lost Guarantee of a
     Freedom of Expression, 84 Colum. L. Rev. 91 (1984)
_____, Toward a Theory of First Amendment Process: Injunctions of
     Speech, Subsequent Punishment, and the Costs of the Prior
     Restraint Doctrine, 67 Cornell L. Rev. 245 (1982)
Morris, Richard B., Fair Trial (1952)
Mott, Frank Luther, American Journalism: A History of Newspapers in
     the United States Through 260 Years: 1690 to 1950 (rev. ed.
'Mr. Zenger's Malice and Falshood' Six Issues of the New-York
     Weekly Journal 1733-34 (Stephen Botein ed., Am. Antiquarian
     Soc'y Facsimiles No. 5, 1985)
Murphy, Lawrence W., Thomas Maule: The Neglected Quaker, 29
     Journalism Q. 171 (1952)
Nelson, Harold L., Seditious Libel in Colonial America, 3 Amer. J.
     Legal Hist. 160 (1959)
[Nicholson, Richard L.], Genealogy of the Maule Family With A Brief
     Account of Thomas Maule of Salem, Massachusetts (Phila., Pa.,
     n.p. 1868)
Osgood, Herbert L., Osgood, 2 The American Colonies in the
     Eighteenth Century (Gloucester, Mass., Peter Smith 1858)
Parkes, H.B., The Puritan Heresy, 2 Hound & Horn 174 (Jan.-Mar.
Payne, George Henry, History of Journalism in the United States
Perley, Sidney, 2 The History of Salem, Massachusetts (1928)
Pfeffer, Leo, Church State and Freedom 73-74 (rev. ed. 1967)
Phillips, James Duncan, Salem in the Eighteenth Century (1969)
Price, Warren C., Reflections on the Trial of John Peter Zenger, 32
     Journalism Q. 161 (1955)
Rabban, David M., The Ahistorical Historian: Leonard Levy on
     Freedom of Expression in Early American History, 37 Stan. L.
     Rev. 795 (1985) (book review)
Rossiter, Clinton, Seedtime of the Republic: The Origin of the
     American Tradition of Political Liberty (1953)
Rutherford, Livingston, John Peter Zenger: His Press, His Trial and
     A Bibliography of Zenger Imprints (1904)
Schneider, H.W., The Puritan Mind (1930)
Schuyler, Livingston Rowe, The Liberty of the Press in the American
     Colonies Before the Revolutionary War. With Particular
     Reference to Conditions in the Royal Colony of New York (1905)
Siebert, Frederick, Freedom of the Press in England 1476-1776
Slafter, Edmund F., 1 John Checkley (Boston, Prince Soc'y 1897)
Spong, John Shelby, Rescuing the Bible from Fundamentalism: A
     Bishop Rethinks the Meaning of Scripture (1991)
Stearns, Raymond Phineas, The Strenuous Puritan (1954)
Steiner, Bernard C., Andrew Hamilton and John Peter Zenger, 20 Pa.
     Mag. Hist. & Biog. 405 (1896)
Straub, Peter, Ghost Story 13 (1979)
Sutherland, Arthur E., Constitutionalism in America (1965)
Taylor, James, 1 The Great Historic Families of Scotland (London,
     J.S. Virtue & Co. 1887)
Thayer, Frank, Legal Control of the Press (2d ed. 1950)
Thomas, M. Halsey, 1 The Diary of Samuel Sewall, 1674-1729 (1973)
Tipler, Frank J., The Physics of Immortality: Cosmology, God and
     the Resurrection of the Dead (1994)
[Trenchard, John & Thomas Gordon], 1 Cato's Letters: Or, Essays on
     Liberty, Civil and Religious, and Other Important Subjects,
     No. 15 (Leonard W. Levy ed., Da Capo Press, photo. reprint
     1971) (London, 6th ed., Feb. 4, 1720)
The Trial of Peter Zenger (Vincent Buranelli ed., 1957)
Vlasihin, Vasiliy A., Political Rights and Freedoms in the Context
     of American Constitutionalism: A View of a Concerned Soviet
     Scholar, 84 Nw. U.L. Rev. 257 (1989)
Von Ranke, Leopold, 3 A History of England Principally in the
     Seventeenth Century (Oxford, Clarendon Press 1875)
Warren, Austin, Hawthorne: Representative Selections with
     Introduction, Bibliography, and Notes (1934)
Whiting, John, Truth and Innocency Defended Against Falsehood and
     Envy, and the Martyrs of Jesus, and Sufferers for His Sake,
     Vindicated (London, T. Sowle 1702), in George Bishop, New
     England Judged by the Spirit of the Lord (London, T. Sowle
Willard, Samuel, The Character of a Good Ruler (Boston, B. Harris
     1694), in The Puritans 253 (Perry Miller & Thomas H. Johnson
     eds., 1938)
Winsor, Justin, Narrative and Critical History of America (Boston
     & New York, Houghton Mifflin 1887)
Winters, Yvor, Maule's Curse, or Hawthorne and the Problem of
     Allegory, in Maule's Curse: Seven Studies in the History of
     American Obscurantism 3 (1938)
_____, Maule's Well, or Henry James and the Relation of Morals to
     Manners, in Maule's Curse: Seven Studies in the History of
     American Obscurantism 169 (1938)
Winthrop, John, 1 The History of New England from 1630 to 1649
     (Boston, Phelps & Farnham 1825) (Salem, N.H., Ayer Co. 1790)
Witte, John, Jr., How to Govern a City on a Hill: The Early Puritan
     Contribution to American Constitutionalism, 39 Emory L.J. 41
Wittke, Carl, The History of English Parliamentary Privilege
     (DaCapo Press 1970) (1921)
Worrall, Arthur J., Quakers in the Colonial Northeast (1980)
Young, Peter, Edgehill 1642: The Campaign and the Battle (1967)
Young, Peter & Richard Holmes, The English Civil War - A Military
     History of the Three Civil Wars, 1652-1651 98-108, 116 (1974).

Unpublished Manuscripts

Cope, Gilbert, MAULE (Sept. 27, 1917) (unpublished manuscript,
     photocopy on file with author)
Maule, James W., Sketch of Maule Family History (1964) (unpublished
     manuscript, photocopy on file with author)
Maule, Joshua Baldwin, Reasons for the Necessity of Silent Waiting
     (1868) (unpublished manuscript, in collections of Friends
     Hist. Libr., Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pa.)
Staff, Essex Institute, Salem Property Owned by Thomas Maule (1988)
     (unpublished manuscript, photocopy on file with author)
Stratton-Maule Papers (unpublished manuscripts, in Rec. Group 5,
     Friends Hist. Libr., Swarthmore College, Swarthmore, Pa.)


Letter from John S. Griffiths, Genealogist, to James Edward Maule
     (Dec. 16, 1980) (on file with author)
Letter from John S. Griffiths, Genealogist, to James Edward Maule
     (July 23, 1980) (on file with author)
Letter from Florine [Florence (Shapleigh) Maule, wife of Ethelbert
     Rounds Maule] to Alice [probably Alice Leora Maule, daughter
     of Evert Jansen Price Maule] (Aug. 9, 1955) (photocopy on file
     with author)
Letter from John P. Maule, Balerno, Scotland, to James Edward Maule
     (Aug. 1, 1982) (on file with author)
Letter from John P. Maule, Balerno, Scotland, to James Edward Maule
     (July 26, 1981) (on file with author)
Letter from John P. Maule, Balerno, Scotland, to James Edward Maule
     (July 2, 1981) (on file with author)
Letter from John P. Maule, Balerno, Scotland, to James Edward Maule
     (May 20, 1981) (on file with author)

Government and Other Official Records

Salem, Mass. Town Records, vol. 2 (Essex Inst. 1868-1913)
Records of Salem, Mass., Monthly Meeting of Friends (microform, in
     collections of Friends Hist. Libr., Swarthmore College,
     Swarthmore, Pa.)
New Eng. Hist. & Gen. Reg., vol. 7, 85 (1853)
Essex Inst. Hist. Coll., vol. 2, 73 (1860)

Last Revised November 14, 1995